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Pinus elliottii

Pinus elliottii
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Product Information

Scientific name: Pinus elliottiiEngelmann  1880

Synonyms: Pinus heterophylla (Elliott) Sudw.

Common names:American pitch pine, Slash pine, Swamp pine



Tree to 35(-42) m tall, with trunk to 0.8(-1.1) m in diameter. Bark with small, scaly, reddish brown blocks separated by broad, shallow, dark gray furrows. Crown dome-shaped or tapering, deep, with numerous gently rising branches densely clothed with foliage only at the tips. Twigs orange-brown, coarse, hairless, rough with the bases of scale leaves. Buds 12-20 mm long, not resinous. Needles in bundles of two or three, each needle (10-)15-20(-30) cm long, stiff, slightly twisted, lasting 2(-3) years, yellowish green to bluish green. Individual needles with lines of stomates on both the inner and outer faces, and three (to nine) resin canals surrounding the two-stranded midvein midway between it and the needle surface. Sheath 12-20 cm long, weathering to 10-15 cm and persisting and falling with the bundle. Pollen cones 3-5(-8) cm long, purple. Seed cones (7-)9-15(-20) cm long, egg-shaped to cylindrical, with 100-130(-150) seed scales, green before maturity, ripening shiny, rich brown, opening widely to release the seeds and then falling the following year with the short stalk. Seed scales approximately square-sided, the exposed face narrowly horizontally diamond-shaped, fairly flat and crossed by a low ridge topped by a large, diamond-shaped umbo bearing a short, stout, straight prickle. Seed body 6-7 mm long, the firmly attached wing another 13-20 mm longer.

Coastal plain of the southeastern United States from central South Carolina to southernmost Florida, southern Mississippi and easternmost Louisiana. Forming pure stands or mixed with other pines and hardwoods, particularly on seasonally flooded flats; 0-150 m.


Conservation Status

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern

(The wide range, abundance, and recent increase of this species place it under the category Least Concern)



Farjon, A. (2010). A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

Eckenwalder, J.E. (2009) Conifers of the World: The Complete Reference. Timber Press, Portland.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Cambridge, UK /Gland, Switzerland


Copyright © Aljos Farjon, James E. Eckenwalder, IUCN, Conifers Garden. All rights reserved.

Product CodePINAY9TI39

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