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Taxodium distichum

Taxodium distichum
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Product Information

Scientific name: Taxodium distichum (Linnaeus) L.Richard  1810

Synonyms:Cupressepinnata disticha (L.) J.Nelson, Cupressus americana Catesby ex Endl., Cupressus disticha L., Cupressus laeta Salisb., Cupressus montezumae Humb. & Bonpl. ex Parl., Glyptostrobus columnaris Carrière, Schubertia disticha (L.) Mirb., Taxodium denudatum Carrière, Taxodium knightii K.Koch, Taxodium pyramidatum Beissn., Taxodium sinense Nois. ex Gordon

Common names: Bald cypress



Tree to 50 m tall, often with an abruptly swollen or buttressed trunk to 5 m in diameter. Bark reddish brown and smooth at first, remaining thin by peeling in narrow strips, turning brown, and then weathering brownish gray. Crown pyramidal when young, broadening and tattering with age into an irregular shallow dome or, more characteristically, a flat-topped inverted cone. Short shoots shed annually in the autumn, 5-10 cm long. Needles spreading distichously to either side of the shoots or radiating all around them, bright to somber green, turning reddish brown in the fall, 3-17 mm long. Pollen cones 2-3 mm long on reproductive shoots up to 25 cm long. Seed cones spherical, 1.5-4 cm in diameter with 5-10 seed scales. Seeds brown with white edges, 1-1.5 cm long.

Southeastern United States coastal plain north to Delaware and west to east-central Texas and north in the Mississippi River valley to southern Indiana. Swamp forests on waterlogged soils, sea level to 160 m.


Conservation Status

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern

(Taxodium distichum is still widespread and abundant and is therefore assessed as Least Concern)



Farjon, A. (2010). A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

Eckenwalder, J.E. (2009) Conifers of the World: The Complete Reference. Timber Press, Portland.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Cambridge, UK /Gland, Switzerland


Copyright © Aljos Farjon, James E. Eckenwalder, IUCN, Conifers Garden. All rights reserved.

Product CodeTAXXNKPD35

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